7th Class Tamil, Maths, English, Science and Social Science books in English and Tamil medium below. New Samacheer Kalvi 7th Books PDF. Tamilnadu School Education Board has revised samacheer kalvi syllabus for 7th Class 7th New Books - Free Download pdf Social Science. Old Samacheer Kalvi 7th Science Books English Medium. Samacheer Books is important for the TNPSC exam Preparation. No need to study all portions of.

Samacheer Kalvi 7th Science Book

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7th Std Social Science

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They also took care cavalry. The Chola kings defeated the Cheras at Kandalur salai. The of the protection of the people and tax collection.

The Chola navy was formidable one in South India.

With the help of their navy the Cholas controlled Coromandal and Malabar coasts. Bay of Bengal became Village administration: The entire responsibility of the village the Chola lake. The Chola army and navy together had 1,50, trained administration was in the hands of the village assembly called Grama soldiers. The armies of the tributary chieftains also joined Chola army Sabha. The lowest unit of the Chola administration was the village unit. Generally the Chola army was led by the King or The village assemblies looked after the maintenance of peace, tanks, Yuvaraja.

The village assemblies were in charge of the payment of taxes due from Justice: The Chola king was the chief justice. The Chola kings gave the villages to the treasury. They regulated public markets and helped enough care for the judicial administration. The village level judicial people at times of famine and flood.

Assemblies provided provisions administration was carried on by the village assembly. Minor disputes were heard by the village assembly. Disputes were settled with proper for education. The village assemblies possessed absolute authority over evidences. Punishments were awarded by the Judicial officers.

The trial the affairs of villages. They maintained law and order in every village. Brahmin settlement was called Chathurvedi mangalam. Local administration: The most important feature of the Chola Variyams: Village Assemblies carried on village administration administration was the local administration at districts, towns and villages effectively with the help of variyams.

Male members of the society were level. Uttaramerur inscriptions speak much about the Chola the members of these variyams.

Composition of these variyams, administration. Village autonomy was the most unique feature of Chola qualification and duration of membership differed from village to village. There were many variyams in every village. Niyaya variyam administered justice, Thottavariyam looked after flower gardens. The Dharma variyam looked after charities and temples. Erivariyam was incharge of tanks 12 13 and water supply. The pon variyam was incharge of the finance.

The Thieves, drunkards and people who had undergone punishments were Gramakariya variyam looked after the works of all committees. The also disqualified from contesting election from kudavolai system. They rendered honourary service. The village officials were paid salary either Try to know more about kudavolai system in cash or in kind.

Good functioning of these variyams increased the with the help of your teacher efficiency of the local administration of the Cholas. Chola Empire Request your teacher to tell more about Chathurvedi Names of the Places mangalam and Variyaperumakkal given in Map as per the Number Kudavolai system: Uttaramerur inscriptions talk about Kudavolai 1. Ebrolu system. This system was a very notable and unique feature of the village 2. Nandalur administration of the Cholas.

There were 30 wards in each village. Kanchi representative for each ward was elected through Kudavolai system. Talakad Names of the contestants from whom one could be chosen were written 5. Gangai konda on palmleaf tickets. These palmleaves were put into a pot and suffled. Persons 6. Semponmari whose name tickets were picked up by the boy were declared elected.

Kottai Like that 30 members for thirty wards were elected. This kind of peculiar election system was called kudavolai system. Out of the thirty elected 8. Vilgnam members, twelve members were appointed to the Annual committee, 9. Venadu twelve members were appointed as the members of the Garden committee and six members to the Tank committee. Members of th standing committee and a Gold committee were also elected.

The people of the Chola empire were more benefited by the Qualification of the members were given. A person who could be chosen Chola administration. Historians like K. Neelakanda Sastri through Kudavolai system must have age from 35 to He should possess one veli land and of a house built in a taxable land on his own appreciates the administrative efficiency of the Chola kings.

The best site. He should have knowledge about vedas and mantras. Persons aspects of the Chola administration were followed by the rulers of the who killed brahmins or women or cow or children were disqualified. Fill in the blanks: 1 Pupil will be able to explain about the Chola administration. Match the following : 2 The empire was divided into two mandalams.

Kudavolai system - Thottavariyam 3 The Cholas had a very strong navy. Higher officials - Land tax 4 Village assemblies were responsible for the military, 3. Members of variyam - Peruntaram administration. Flower garden - Palm leaf Cholas.

Choose the correct answer: V. Write briefly: 1 The capital of the Chola kingdom was 1 Write about the provincial administration of the Cholas. Write in detail: was called 1 Write about the village administration of the Cholas.

A story had been told about the origin of the division of these two groups.

TN. 7th Std. Science Live Teach (SAMACHEER)

A small summary of the story is given Learning Objectives: here. When the sangam Chola King Karikala enquired these disputes, 1. To enable pupil to know about the social and economic life the group which stood on the right hand side of the King was called of people during the Chola period. Valankai group.

The group that stood on the left hand side of the King 2. To enable pupil to understand the religious life of the people was known as Idangai group.

Valangai group had enjoyed more during the Chola period. They had the privilege of using palanquins, umbrellas and cheppals. Women The Chola rule witnessed a large scale development in all spheres of Valangai group rounded the upper cloth across the right shoulder.

Writings of historians, inscriptions, temples, literature and The Idangai group was considered socially inferior. They did not enjoy monuments speak much about the social, economic and religious life of any rights.

They paid heavy taxes. Inspite of these social divisions there the people during the Chola period. Professor K. Neelakanda Sastri was social harmony. Economic prosperity, the benevolent attitude and religious faiths Education: Chola Kings gave importance for the development of of the Chola kings were the main factors which contributed more for education.

There were Veda padasalas, Buddha viharas and Jain pallis. During the reign of Rajendra I, two colleges were there at Rajarajtéléchargementurvedi Mangalam and Tribhuvanam. The mutt of Thiruvavaduturai had run a school of medicine. Thirumukkudal temple Social Condition: The Chola society was peaceful one. There were was utilised for running a college and hospital.


Apart from the medical different sections in society. At the same time, the society was based as and religious education, general education was also imparted. According to the Varnasrama, society was divided into Scholarships were given to students. The poor and unprivileged people lived in slums. Bonded labourers Status of Women: Women were given high status and freedom in the were also there.

Professionals like carpenters, weavers, blacksmiths, Chola society. Chastity and modesty were considered important.

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The masons, goldsmiths also lived there. Slavery also existed. There were women of upper classes enjoyed the right to property. Some queens several grades among the slaves. The details about the sale of slaves were associated with the administration of the kingdom. Queens gave are recorded in the inscriptions. Greater social freedom prevailed among liberal donations to temples.

Queen Sembian Mahadevi and Kundavai were patrons of temples. Monogamy was prevalent in society. Less the upper classes. TN class 7th textbooks edition new books is available in PDF free download. We upload class 7th new books as soon as possible, Check the books PDF given below:.

Download e-books online for free and use it for exam purpose. TN class 7th standard samacheer kalvi books for all subjects for English medium is available in PDF given below:.

Old Samacheer Kalvi 7th Science English Medium Books

Kindly check now. If any queries please let me know. Hi Ramyarao, Thanks for your comment. We now changed Tamil books. Kindly check the above books. Hi Archana, The updated syllabus is available only for Class 6th, 9th and 11th standards. We also have old syllabus books for Class 6th, 9th and 11th standards.

Check your mail for more details. Hi Thennarasu, Thanks for your comment. Check the syllabus for Group 1 based on that you start preparing. Check subject wise topics and read based on that.The board is located at Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Which cities were known as temple cities? Women were also appointed as officers in Kanchipuram was an important centre of textile industry.

Chola kings made 5. Good functioning of these variyams increased the with the help of your teacher efficiency of the local administration of the Cholas. All Government Exams activities under one platform.