Request PDF on ResearchGate | Understanding human sexuality (7th ed.) for sexual expression (acting on desire and orientation) (Hyde & DeLamater, ; . Janet Shibley Hyde; John D DeLamater. Accompanying CD-ROM "combines scientifically based multimedia, video, and web-based study materials into one easy-to-navigate resource."--CD-ROM container. Hyde, Janet Shibley. [PDF eBook] Understanding Human Sexuality 13th by Janet Hyde. $ $ ISBN Click Here to View the Sample.
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UNDERSTANDING HUMAN SEXUALITY - site edition by Janet Hyde, John D Delamater. Download it once and read it on your site device, PC, phones or. Hyde, understanding of human sexuality, thoroughly revised 11th edition has been updated modern topics, such as the people of all. Understanding Human Sexuality Janet Shibley Hyde, John D. Delamater. The science of Sexuality pdf · Read Online Understanding Human Sexuality pdf .
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Relativism D. Positivism Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy The patient perceives the problematic behavior to be under his or her control.
The aversive stimulus is ineffective if administered by the patient. The method cannot be used to treat deviant sexual behavior in adults. The method mimics aromatherapy and releases fragrances that soothe the mind. It recognizes the processes of imitation and identification. It states that sexual behavior is innate and cannot be cultivated.
It proves conclusively that media has little or no influence upon young children.
It proves conclusively that the environment plays no role in shaping a person's behavior. Social exchange theory B. Social stratification theory C.
Existentialism D. It uses the concept of reinforcement to explain the change in relationships between people. It assumes that we have no freedom of choice and that all events in life are predetermined. It states that humans are essentially altruistic, putting their own needs after those of others. It refutes the theory that humans are hedonistic in nature. However, Marcie often takes him for granted and does not truly appreciate what he does for her.
According to the social exchange theory: A. Steve's rewards are greater than his costs. Steve's costs are greater than his rewards. Steve's rewards are greater than Marcie's rewards. Steve's costs are less than Marcie's costs. It applies only to people from primitive, tribal societies. It doesn't take concepts like altruism into account. It applies only to women and not to men.
Understanding human sexuality
It doesn't take the equity of relationships into account. It insists that psychologists should study only behaviors that can be directly observed. It believes that people's thoughts are insignificant because their actions are predetermined. It believes that it is very important to study people's thought processes. It insists that people's perception and evaluation of events is unimportant. Gender schema allows us to process information without the influence of gender stereotypes.
Gender schema predisposes us to process information based on gender. Gender schema helps us analyze information that contradicts gender stereotypes. Gender schema makes storing information contrary to gender stereotypes easy. A male carpenter B.
A female plumber C. A female taxi driver D. A male nurse Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium A female nurse B. A female bouncer C. A male carpenter D. A male truck driver Blooms: Apply Difficulty: Medium Most societies allow its members freedom when it comes to expressing their sexuality. Every society regulates the sexuality of its members. The norms and traditions of a society do not shape the sexuality of its members. Most societies allow its women more sexual freedom than men.
It has no significant impact upon their sexuality. It involves teaching them appropriate norms for behavior. It is transmitted solely through the pressure exerted by peers. It instructs them to live outside the framework of societal rules.
This illustrates that the law: A. Sociobiology B. Geopolitical theory C. Psychoanalysis D. Symbolic interaction theory Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy It overemphasizes the role of emotions in sexual interactions.
It does not acknowledge the importance of symbolic communication. It portrays humans as other-directed individuals. It does not consider rational, conscious thought. Sexual scripts suggest that most human sexual behavior occurs spontaneously. Sexual scripts are enacted by all couples in exactly the same way. Sexual scripts help us function independent of social norms.
Sexual scripts teach us the etiquette of sexual behavior. The need to decrease fertility B. The need to socialize children C. The need to create a stable power structure D.
The need to maintain stable kinship systems Blooms: Understand Difficulty: Medium Sexuality is never linked to the power structure of a society. Sexuality is closely linked to the ideologies of a society. Sexuality cannot be studied in the social context. Sexuality is not held important across cultures. How do humans choose mates according to sociobiologists?
Sociobiology is defined as the application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behavior of animals, including humans. Sexual behavior is a form of social behavior, and so the sociobiologists try, often through observations of other species, to understand why certain patterns of sexual behavior have evolved in humans.
Test Bank Understanding Human Sexuality 12th Edition Hyde
These in turn are probably related to the person's reproductive potential; the unhealthy are less likely to produce many vigorous offspring. Natural selection would favor individuals preferring mates who would have maximum reproductive success. Thus, perhaps our concern with physical attractiveness is a product of evolution and natural selection. What does research say about parental investment in non-genetic offspring?
According to sociobiology, parents are most interested in the survival and reproductive success of their genetic offspring. Parental investment refers to the behavior and resources invested in offspring to achieve this end.
Research indicates that fathers invest the most money on the genetic children of their current union and the least money on stepchildren from a past relationship. However, they spend an equal amount on their genetic children and the stepchildren of their current relationship, perhaps to cement the pair-bond with their current partner.
Freud described the human personality as being divided into three major parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the basic part of personality and is present at birth. It is the reservoir of psychic energy and operates on the pleasure principle, thus making it pretty irrational.
The ego operates on the reality principle and tries to keep the id in line. It functions to make the person have realistic, rational interactions with people. The superego is the conscience and it operates on idealism. Thus it aims to inhibit the impulses of the id and to persuade the ego to strive for moral goals rather than realistic ones. According to Freud, the resolution of the Oedipus complex is a key factor in personality development as, once the castration anxiety becomes too much, the boy stops desiring his mother and starts identifying with his father.
He starts taking on the gender roles and characteristics expected of males by society. In comparison, in the Electra complex, the girl suffers from penis envy over the fact that she does not have a penis. She begins to desire her father sexually and wishes to be impregnated by him to substitute for the unobtainable penis.
Because she already lacks a penis, she does not experience castration anxiety as in the case of boys and so the Electra complex is never completely resolved. Owing to this incomplete resolution, the girl remains somewhat immature compared to men.
From a scientific point of view, one of the major problems with the psychoanalytic theory is that most of its concepts cannot be evaluated scientifically to see whether they are accurate. Another criticism is that Freud derived his data almost exclusively from his work with patients who sought therapy from him. Thus, his theory may provide a view not so much of the human personality as of disturbances in the human personality. Feminists have also been critical of Freudian theory as a male-centered theory that may cause harm to women.
They object to Freud's assumption that because women do not have a penis they are biologically inferior to men, and to his distinction between vaginal and clitoral orgasms.
Finally, many modern psychologists feel that Freud overemphasized the biological determinants of behavior and instincts and that he gave insufficient recognition to the importance of the environment and learning. According to operant conditioning, behaviors that are rewarded and reinforced are more likely to occur again, while those that are punished are less likely to be repeated.
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The matching hypothesis predicts that men and women will choose as mates people who match them on physical and social characteristics. People who match will provide each other with similar rewards on dimensions such as attractiveness, social status, and wealth. As such, people at all levels of attractiveness find partners, reflecting the operation of matching. A gender schema predisposes individuals to process information on the basis of gender.
It is comprised of the attributes that we generally associate with males and females, and in this way, reinforces gender stereotypes. Gender schemas help us remember information that is consistent with the schema and the stereotype , while they distort or filter out information that is schema- and stereotype-inconsistent.
Give some examples.
Test Bank for Understanding Human Sexuality CANADIAN EDITION 5th Edition by Hyde
The medicalization of sexuality involves labeling certain sexual behaviors and conditions as either healthy or unhealthy and medically treating those practices or experiences that are considered problematic. The development of drugs to treat erectile dysfunction in men, the search for a "cure" for female orgasmic dysfunction, medical treatment for HIV and AIDS, and even caesarian births can be viewed as examples of the medicalization of sexuality.
According to Reiss, sexuality is important in all societies for reasons beyond that of procreation. The universal importance of sexuality can be attributed to the fact that it is associated with great physical pleasure and self-disclosure of one's body, thoughts, and feelings.
Test Bank for Understanding Human Sexuality 6th Canadian Edition by Hyde
Humans find great value in the physical pleasure and psychic satisfaction associated with sex. These are also the basic elements of social bonding.Write a review Rate this item: The sociological approach emphasizes the impact of institutions. Heteronormativity C. Cultural relativism Blooms: Remember Difficulty: Easy Modern research shows that children continue to express sexual curiosity during this period.
Skinner C. It has no significance in contemporary societies.